The Bishop of Lincoln, Christopher Lowson, has been suspended from his role.
Details were released in a statement from the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby.
“Following information provided by the police, I have suspended the Bishop of Lincoln Christopher Lowson from office,” he said.
The bishop said: “I am bewildered by the suspension and will fully cooperate in this matter.”
In the statement, the archbishop continued: “If these matters are found to be proven I consider that the bishop would present a significant risk of harm by not adequately safeguarding children and vulnerable people.
“I would like to make it absolutely clear that there has been no allegation that Bishop Christopher has committed abuse of a child or vulnerable adult.”